Introduction

In-Text Citation
Books

Books

Selections from Books

Periodicals

Online Sources

Other Sources

Citing Selections from Books in APA Style

Includes Encyclopedia Articles

Remember that entries in the References list are listed alphabetically by author.  This page deals with selections from books only; there is another page for entire books. If you cite an entire encyclopedia or dictionary, cite it as you would an other entire book.  

The components of a References list entry for a selection from a book, listed in the proper order:  

Component

Formatting Details

    Ending
Punctuation
Author(s) of the Article
  • For the first (or only) author, first include the author's last name, followed by a comma, followed by the author's first initial  and middle initial (if known).  [Example]

  • For two or more authors, format each author's name as above.  Follow each author's name with a comma and precede the last author with an ampersand (&).  Include up to the sixth author.  For the seventh and subsequent authors use "et al."  [Example]

  • If the author is corporate or institutional publication, give the name of the corporation or institution as the author. [Example]

  • If the work is a translation, give the original author here.  The translator will be listed later.  [Example]
  • If the article is unsigned, begin the citation with the article title, then publication date.  
  Period (.)
(Only one, i.e. don't write Berman, J..)
Publication Date
  • Include the four-digit year of publication of the anthology or reference book. Enclose the date within parentheses.  (The ending period will be outside the parentheses.)  [Example]
  • The publication place is usually found on the back the title page of the book.  
  • If no date is available, write "n. d."
  Period (.)
Article Title
  • Include the title of the article or chapter in plain text. [Example]
  • Click here for notes on capitalization.  
  Period (.) 
Book's Editor(s)
  • Begin this part with the word "In" in plain text.  
  • If there is one editor, list the editor's first (and middle, if known) initials and last name.  Then give a space and "(Ed.)" before the ending comma.  
  • If there are two editors, list both editors as you would for a single editor and separate them with an ampersand (&).  Then give a space and "(Eds.)" before the ending comma.  
  • If there are three or more editors, list all the editors as you would for a single editor.  Follow each editor's name with a comma and precede the last editor with an ampersand (&).  Then give a space and "(Eds.)" before the ending comma.  
  • For major reference works with a large editorial board, you may use the first editor's name, followed by "et al."  
  • If the editor is not given, omit the name, but retain the "In" before the book's title. 
  Comma (,)
Book's Title
  • Italicize or underline the title of the book. [Example]
  • Click here for notes on capitalization.
  • If you underline, underline the period that follows, unless an edition, translator, or volume information is included.
  None (a single space before the next element).
Page Numbers
  • Enclose this section within parentheses.
  • If the book is a multivolume work, first write "Vol." followed by the volume number you used, and a comma.  The give the page number as directed below.  
  • If the article appears on a single page, write "p." followed by the page number within parentheses.
  • If the article appears on more than one page, write "pp." followed by the range of pages.  Separate the first and last page numbers with a hyphen (-) and do not precede or follow the hyphen with spaces.
  • Use digits for all page numbers.  Give the entire page number, not a shortened form, for the ending page in a range  (e.g. "243-245" instead of "243-5").
  Period (.) outside the parentheses
Publication Place
  • Include the city of publication[Example]
  • If the city is not on this list follow the city name with a comma, a space, and the state (or country for foreign cities).  Use the postal state abbreviations (two capital letters, no periods.)
  • The publication place is usually found on the title page of the book.  
  Colon (:)
Publisher
  • Include the publisher's name[Example]
  • You may shorten the publisher's name as long as it remains recognizable.
  • The publisher is usually found on the title page of the book.  
  Period (.)
Original Publication 
  • If the work is a translation, write "(Original work published yyyy)," filling in the yyyy with the four-digit year during which the original was printed. [Example]
  • If the work was originally published in a periodical, add the following:
    • "(Reprinted from"
    • The title of the periodical, underlined, and followed by a comma and a space.
    • "p." or "pp." and the original page number(s), followed by a comma and a space.
    • "by" followed by the editor's name in normal order.  Follow the name with a comma and "Ed."  Add another comma.
    • The original publication date, followed by a comma.
    • The place of publication, followed by a colon.
    • The original publisher, followed by the closing parenthesis.
  None

Read the notes on punctuation and italicization and underlining. 


Citation Examples (modified from The Ready Reference Handbook)

Bergman, P. G. (1993).  Relativity.  In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 26, 
     pp. 501-508).  Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.  
Hocket, C. F., & Ascher, R. (1968).  The human evolution.  In Y. A. Cohen (Ed.),
     Man in adaptation: The biosocial background (pp. 237-256).  Chicago: Aldine.
Piaget, J. (1988).  Extracts from Piaget's theory (G. Gellerier & J. Langer, Trans.).
     In K. Richardson & S. Sheldon (Eds.), Cognitive development to adolescence: A
     reader (pp. 3-18).  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.  (Reprinted from Manual of child
     psychology, pp. 703-732, by P. H. Mussen, Ed., 1970, New York: Wiley)
Relativity.  (1993).  In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 26, 
     pp. 501-508).  Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.  
Schorer, M.  (1962).  With grace under pressure.  In Carlos Baker (Ed.), Ernest 
     Hemingway: Critiques of four major novels (pp. 132-134).  New York: Scribner's.
Tolstoy, L.  (1983).  The three hermits.  In I. Howe, & I. W. Howe (Eds.), Short 
     shorts: An anthology of the shortest stories (pp 3-10).  New York: Bantam. 
Some titles and information given here
are taken from the MLA section of the
Ready Reference Handbook and changed
into APA style.  Some others are from the
APA Style Manual (APA, 206)

This page is best viewed using Internet Explorer 5.0 or greater. Please send questions, comments, and suggestions to ia@juniata.edu.  
Created: 06/27/2000
Last Modified: 09/25/2002