Selections from Books
American Psychological Association Style - Introduction
This section of the Online Citation Guide deals with citing information in
the American Psychological Association (APA) style. APA style is used
in psychology and education, among other disciplines.
The APA citation style has two parts: in-text citation
and a References list. The in-text
citation includes signal phrases and parenthetical citation.
It connects the information in the text with a source listed on
the References list.
References list is included as a separate page at the end of the
document. The title "References" (in plain text, not
italicized, underlined, in quotes, or otherwise enhanced) is placed at the top
of the page and is centered. A blank space is given, followed by each of
the list entries. Each list entry can
take one of two styles: it can have a
hanging indent style (i.e. the first line is flush with the left margin, but all
subsequent lines are indented up to ½ inch) or it can have the first line
indented and all subsequent lines flush with the left margin. The former
is fine for most situations, but the latter is necessary for projects sent to
APA journals for publication. Check your instructor's
Entries are listed in alphabetical order
by the last name of the author. If there is more than one work by the same
author, arrange the works by the same author in ascending order by date. If there is an entry that begins with a title, the entry is
alphabetized by its title (ignoring a, an, or the).
This site includes the following pages:
The APA's Home Page
doesn't provide any information on APA style. Internet resources
on APA citation are linked to the Online
Citation Guide home page.