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Citing Periodicals in Chicago Style

This page deals with printed periodicals only; there is another page for online periodical databases and articles on the Internet.  

When citing periodicals, you cite the individual articles rather than an entire issue of the periodical.  This page covers articles in magazines, (scholarly) journals, and newspapers. 

The components of a note for articles from periodicals, listed in the proper order:  


Formatting Details

  • For the first (or only) author, include the author's name in inverted order.  If the middle initial is known, include it and follow it with a period, e.g. "Last, First M."   [Example]

  • For two authors, list the authors in the order in which they appear on the title page.  Format names as above and separate names with "and." 

  • For three authors, list them in the order in which they appear on the title page. Format names as above, follow the first and second names with a comma, and precede the last with "and." 

  • For more than three authors, list only the first author, followed by "et al." (with the ending period).

  • If the author's name appears in the title (such as an autobiography, collected works book, etc.), omit this part and begin the note with the title.  

  • If the author's name is known, but not given on the title page, enclose it in brackets. 

  • If the work is anonymous, omit this part and begin the note with the title. 

  • If no author is listed on the title page, but instead editor(s), compiler(s), or translator(s), list the editor(s), compiler(s), or translator(s) here instead.  Follow the name(s) with a comma, and "ed." or "eds." for editor(s), "trans." for translators, and "comp." or "comps." for compiler(s). 

  • For examples on author variations, see the Books page.

  Period (.)
  • Enclosed the title of the article or the headline within quotation marks[Example]
  • The comma goes inside the quotation marks. [Example]
  • If there is a title within the title that is normally enclosed within quotation marks, use single quotation marks (like apostrophes) for the shorter title. If the title would normally be given in italics, do so here as well. [Example]  [Example]
  • If there is an ampersand in the title, spell it out as "and."
  • Even though the standard journalistic style for headlines is analogous to a regular sentence, the Chicago citation style is to capitalize all the words you would capitalize in any other title.  [Example]
  • Click here for notes on capitalization. 
  • If you are citing an untitled editorial, you may substitute "Editorial" for the title. [Example]
  Comma (,)
  • If the article is a review, write "review of" followed by the title of the work being reviewed.  [Example]
    • For a book or play, Then include a comma (,) and "by" followed by the author or director.  Give either of these names in normal first-name-first order.  [Example]  [Example]  
    • If you are citing the review of a play, give an additional comma, followed by "as performed by" and the performance company.  Give another comma followed by the city of performance. [Example]
    • For a movie, follow the title with parentheses before the comma.  Inside the parentheses, give the name of the studio, followed by the word "movie." [Example]
    • If the review doesn't have a title, this part can substitute for the title. [Example]
  Comma (,)
Magazine, Newspaper, or Journal Title
  • Italicize the title of the periodical. [Example]
  • Capitalize the periodical title as you would a book title. 
  • Journal titles are usually given in full, but may be abbreviated so long as the abbreviations are used consistently.  Chicago follows guidelines similar to CSE style for abbreviations; see the CBE journal title abbreviations page for details and further resources if you wish to abbreviate. 
  • For newspapers,
    • If the city is not part of the name of an American newspaper, it should be added at the beginning of the name and italicized with the title. [Example]
    • If the city is not well known, the state or Canadian province is included in parentheses directly after the city name.  There are two sets of accepted state abbreviations in Chicago style; one is the postal state abbreviations (two capital letters, no periods.) [Example]
    • For foreign cities, the city is added in parentheses and not italicized after the title. 
    • If the word "the" is part of the title, it is omitted. (Its foreign language equivalents are retained, however.) [Example]
  None (a single space)
Issue/Date Information
  • If the article is from a scholarly journal  paged consecutively throughout a volume, give the volume number (using digits), a space, and then the year of publication (four digits) in parentheses. (The issue number is not necessary, but may be included as described in the next list item.) [Example]
  • If the article is from a scholarly journal paged separately by issue, give the volume number, followed by a comma, followed by "no." and the issue number (all using digits).  Then give a space and the year of publication (four digits) in parentheses. [Example]
  • For journals, you may also include a month or season before the year within parentheses.  In such cases, an issue number is not given.  Months are capitalized; seasons are not. [Example] [Example]
  • If the article is from a monthly magazine, give a comma and then write the month (not abbreviated) and year (four-digits) of publication.  [Example]
  • If the article is from a newspaper or a weekly magazine, give a comma and then include the exact date of publication.  Put the date, followed by month (not abbreviated) and year (four digits), e.g. 28 September 1993.  [Example]
  For journals, Colon (:)

For magazines and newspapers, Comma (,)


Page Number(s)
  • Include the page numbers of the article.  [Example]
  • If the article appears on consecutive pages, separate the first and last page numbers with a hyphen (-).  Do not write "pages," "pp," etc.  [Example]
  • You only need to give the last two digits, unless more are necessary, e.g. 205-12 but 295-303.  
  • If the article appears on nonconsecutive pages, list all pages and page ranges, separating them by a comma and a space, e.g. 2, 4-6, 9. 
  • For magazines and newspapers, it is not necessary to include the page numbers, although including them will help the reader locate your source.
  • For newspapers, it is often helpful to include the column number after the page number.  If you do so, precede the page number with "p." and the column number with "col." to avoid ambiguity.
  If anything in next section, Comma (,)

Otherwise, Period (.)

Edition Information
  • If an edition name is given in the masthead of a newspaper, include it here. Use lowercase letters, as in "final edition."  [Example]
  Period (.)


Citation Examples (from The Chicago Manual of Style)1

Benjoseph, John J. "On the Anticipation of New Metaphors," Cuyahoga Review 24 (1988): 
Bellworthy, Cartright C. "Reform of Congression Remuneration," Political Review 7, no. 6
(1990): 89, 93-94.
Fernandez, Manuel. "Arbitrating Labor-Management Disputes," North American Labor Relations
12, no. 3 (1989): 28-31.
Bush, Jane R. "Rhetoric and the Instinct for Survival," Political Perspectives 29 (March 
1990): 45-53.
Bodonski, Ilya. "Caring among the Forgotten," Journal of Social Activism 14 (fall 1989): 
Robertson, Noel. "The Dorian Migration and Corinthian Ritual," Classical Philology 75 (1980): 
17, 19-20.
Glueck, Louise. "The Quiet Poetic Urgency in Richard Ford's 'Empire,'" Aeolian Studies 1 
(summer 1989): 41, 43.
Reverberations between Wordplay and Swordplay in Hamlet," Aeolian Studies 2 (fall 1989):
Spencer, Scott. "Childhood's End," Harper's, May 1979, 16-19.
Caspari, E.W. and R. E. Marshak. "The Rise and Fall of Lysenko," Science, 16 July 1965, 276.
Karen, Robert. "Becoming Attached," Atlantic 265, no. 2 (February 1990): 54-55.
Editorial, Philadelphia Inquirer, 30 July 1990.
"Robert Moses, Master Builder, Is Dead at 92," New York Times, 30 July 1981, Midwest
Finnonian, Albert. "The Iron Curtain Rises," Wilberton (Ohio) Journal, 7 February 1990,
final edition.
Spitzen, Steven. Review of The Limits of Law Enforcement, by Hans Zeisel, American Journal 
of Sociology 91 (November 1985): 726-29.
Lardner, Susan. "Third Eye Open," review of The Salt Eaters, by Toni Cade Bambara, New
Yorker, 5 May 1980, 169. 
Review of Fool for Love, by Sam Shephard, as performed by the Circle Reperory Company, 
New York, New York Times, 27 May 1983, 18.
Kauffmann, Stanley. "Turbulent Lives," review of A Dry White Season (MGM movie), New 
Republic, 9 October 1989, 24-25. 
CMS 568-580

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Created: 06/27/2000
Last Modified: 09/25/2002