Notes Form

Introduction

Books

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

Periodicals

Online Sources

Bibliographic Form

Introduction

Books

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

Periodicals

Online Sources

Citing Books in Chicago Style (Bibliographic Form)

This page covers books; see an additional page for information on citing encyclopedias and dictionaries.

The components of a note for a book, listed in the proper order:  

Component

Formatting Details

    Ending
Punctuation
Author(s)
  • For the first (or only) author, include the author's name in inverted order.  If the middle initial is known, include it and follow it with a period, e.g. "Last, First M."  [Example]

  • For two authors, list the authors in the order in which they appear on the title page.  Format names as above and separate names with "and." [Example]

  • For three authors, list them in the order in which they appear on the title page. Format names as above, follow the first and second names with a comma, and precede the last with "and." [Example] [Example]

  • For more than three authors, list only the first author, followed by "et al." (with the ending period). [Example]

  • If the author's name appears in the title (such as an autobiography, collected works book, etc.), omit this part and begin the note with the title.  [Example]

  • If the author's name is known, but not given on the title page, enclose it in brackets. [Example]

  • If the work is anonymous, omit this part and begin the note with the title. [Example]

  • If no author is listed on the title page, but instead editor(s), compiler(s), or translator(s), list the editor(s), compiler(s), or translator(s) here instead.  Follow the name(s) with a comma, and "ed." or "eds." for editor(s), "trans." for translators, and "comp." or "comps." for compiler(s). [Example]  [Example]  [Example]

  Period (.)
Title
  • Italicize the title of the book. [Example]
  • If there is a title within the title, either do not italicize or underline the shorter title or enclose it within quotation marks.  [Example]  [Example]
  • If there is a subtitle, separate it from the main title with a colon and a space. 
  • If there is an ampersand in the title, spell it out as "and."
  • Click here for notes on capitalization.
  Comma (,) if the next part is present, otherwise a space
Editor, Compiler, or Translator
  • If the book has both author(s) and editor(s), include the name of the editor(s), preceded by "ed." (meaning "edited by" and thus never "eds.")  [Example]
  • If the book is a translation, write "trans." followed by the name of the translator(s). [Example]
  • If the book has both author(s) and compiled(s), include the name of the compilers(s), preceded by "comp."
  Comma (,) if the next part is present, otherwise a space
Edition
  • For an edition other than the first, include the number of the edition followed by "ed." [Example]
  • Use a digit for the edition number, as in "5th. ed." or "3rd. ed." or "10th ed."
  • If the edition is given as "Revised Edition," write "rev. ed." here.  [Example]
  Comma (,) if the next part is present, otherwise a space
Volume Information
  • If you use only one volume of a series, include "vol. n of" and the name of the series.  If the series is not named, simply write "vol. n."  [Example]  [Example]
  • If the book is a multivolume work, include the number of volumes, followed by "vols." [Example]
  None (space)
Publication Place
  • Precede this part with an opening parenthesis.  All of the publication information is given within parentheses. 
  • Include the city of publication[Example]
  • If the city is not well-known or could be confused with another city, follow the city name with a comma, a space, and the state or country.  There are two sets of accepted state abbreviations in Chicago style; one is the postal state abbreviations (two capital letters, no periods.)  [Example]
  • If the place of publication is not given (and you cannot find it after a serious attempt), write "n.p." here.  [Example]
  • The publication place is usually found on the title page of the book.  If there are several listed, give only the first city. 
  Colon (:)
Publisher
  • Include the publisher's name[Example]
  • You may abbreviate University Press as "Univ. Press" as long as you do so consistently.  
  • If the publisher is not given, write "n.p." here. (Only one "n.p." is used for both an unknown publisher and place).
  • The publisher is usually found on the title page of the book.  
  Comma (,)
Publication Date
  • Include the four-digit year of publication. If a range is given, use the range with a hyphen between years. [Example]
  • If the date of publication is not given, write "n.d." here.
  • The publication place is usually found on the back the title page of the book.  
  Closing parenthesis ()) and comma (,) or period (.) if no page is given.
Page Numbers
  • If you are citing a specific part of the book, include the page number(s).  If a range is given, use the range with a hyphen (or en-dash) between pages.   [Example]
  • You only need to give the last two digits, unless more are necessary, i.e. 205-12 but 295-303. 
  Period (.)

 


Citation Examples (from The Chicago Manual of Style)1

Blackfoot, Emery. Chance Encounters (Boston: Sereendipity Press, 1987).
Unwin, Liam P. and Joseph Galloway. Peace in Ireland (Boston: Stronghope Press, 
   1990).
Brett, P. D., S. W. Johnson, and C. R. T. Bach. Mastering String Quartets (San 
   Francisco: Amati Press, 1989).
Merk, Jane S., Ida J. Fogg, and Charles A. Snowe. Asrology for the Beginning 
   Meteorologist (Chicago: Darkweather and Clere, 1987).
Merkins, Charlotte, et al. Investigations into the Phenomenon of Limited-Field
   Criticism (Boston: Broadview Press, 1990).
The Education of Henry Adams: An Autobiography (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1918),
   163-65.
[Doe, Jane], The Burden of Anonymity (Nowhere: Nonesuch Press, 1948).
The Burden of Anonymity (Nowhere: Nonesuch Press, 1948).
Tortelli, Anthony B., ed. Sociology Approaching the Twenty-first Century (Los 
   Angeles: Peter and Sons, 1991).
Gianakakos, Peter and William Poweska, trans. Studies of Transformation in
   Eastern Europe (Buffalo, NY: Touser and Blinken, 1991).
Santos, Manuel, comp. The Collected Works of Henrietta Kahn. (Boston: I. J. 
   Filbert, 1989).
Porkola, Olga E. On First Reading "Ode to a Grecian Urn" and Other Such Romantic 
   Rhapsodies (Cleveland: Nilo Mikksonen, 1967).
Plainreader, Jack. The Month I Nodded and Plodded through Finnegans Wake. Stamford,
   Conn.: John Kocinack, 1988.
Mill, John Stuart. Autobiography and Literary Essays, ed. John M. Robinson and Jack
   Stillinger (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980), 15.
Cortázar, Julio. Cronopios and Famas, trans. Paul Blackburn (New York: Random House, 
   Pantheon Books, 1969).
Hazard, John N. The Soviet System of Government, 5th ed. (Chicago: University of 
   Chicago Press, 1980), 25. 
Stevens, Halsey. The Life and Music of Béla Bartók, rev. ed. (New York: Oxford University
   Press, 1964), 128-29.
Farmwinkle, William. Humor of the American Widwest, vol. 2 of Survey of American Humor 
(Boston: Plenum Press, 1983), 132.
St. Clare Byrne, Muriel, ed. The Lisle Letters, 6 vols. (Chicago: University of Chicago
   Press, 1981).
Banicek, Edward. A History of India, vol. 2 (Philadephia: Ross and Kittredge, 1988).
Banicek, Edward. A History of India, vol. 2 (n.p.: Ross and Kittredge, 1988).
Banicek, Edward. A History of India, vol. 2 (Philadephia: Ross and Kittredge, 1988), 117-22

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Created: 06/27/2000
Last Modified: 09/25/2002