Citing Periodicals in Chicago Style
This page deals with printed periodicals only; there is
another page for online periodical
databases and articles on the Internet.
When citing periodicals, you cite the individual articles rather
than an entire issue of the periodical. This page covers articles
in magazines, (scholarly) journals, and newspapers.
The components of a note for articles from periodicals, listed
in the proper order:
the first (or only) author, include the author's name
in inverted order. If the middle initial is known,
include it and follow it with a period, e.g. "Last,
First M." [Example]
For two authors, list the authors
in the order in which they appear on the title page.
Format names as above and separate names with "and."
For three authors, list them in
the order in which they appear on the title page. Format
names as above, follow the first and second names with
a comma, and precede the last with "and."
For more than three authors, list
only the first author, followed by "et al."
(with the ending period).
If the author's name appears in the
title (such as an autobiography, collected works book,
etc.), omit this part and begin the note with the title.
If the author's name is known, but
not given on the title page, enclose it in brackets.
If the work is anonymous, omit
this part and begin the note with the title.
If no author is listed on the title
page, but instead editor(s), compiler(s), or translator(s),
list the editor(s), compiler(s), or translator(s) here
instead. Follow the name(s) with a comma, and "ed."
or "eds." for editor(s), "trans."
for translators, and "comp." or "comps."
For examples on author variations, see
the Books page.
- Enclosed the title of the article
or the headline within quotation marks. [Example]
- The comma goes inside the quotation marks. [Example]
- If there is a title within the title that is normally
enclosed within quotation marks, use single quotation
marks (like apostrophes) for the shorter title. If
the title would normally be given in italics, do so here
as well. [Example]
- If there is an ampersand in the title, spell it
out as "and."
- Even though the standard journalistic style for headlines
is analogous to a regular sentence, the Chicago citation
style is to capitalize all the words you
would capitalize in any other title. [Example]
- Click here for notes
- If you are citing an untitled editorial, you may
substitute "Editorial" for the title. [Example]
- If the article is a review,
write "review of" followed by the title of the
work being reviewed. [Example]
- For a book or play, Then include a comma (,) and "by"
followed by the author or director. Give either
of these names in normal first-name-first order. [Example]
- If you are citing the review of a play, give an additional
comma, followed by "as performed by" and the
performance company. Give another comma followed
by the city of performance. [Example]
- For a movie, follow the title with parentheses before
the comma. Inside the parentheses, give the name
of the studio, followed by the word "movie."
- If the review doesn't have a title, this part can
substitute for the title. [Example]
Newspaper, or Journal Title
- Italicize the title of
the periodical. [Example]
- Capitalize the periodical
title as you would a book title.
- Journal titles are usually given in full, but may be abbreviated
so long as the abbreviations are used consistently.
Chicago follows guidelines similar to CSE style for abbreviations;
see the CBE journal title
abbreviations page for details and further resources
if you wish to abbreviate.
- For newspapers,
- If the city is not part of the name of an American
newspaper, it should be added at the beginning of
the name and italicized with the title. [Example]
- If the city is not well known, the state or
Canadian province is included in parentheses directly
after the city name. There are two sets of accepted
state abbreviations in Chicago style; one is the postal
abbreviations (two capital letters, no periods.) [Example]
- For foreign cities, the city is added in parentheses
and not italicized after the title.
- If the word "the" is part of the
title, it is omitted. (Its foreign language equivalents
are retained, however.) [Example]
||None (a single space)
- If the article is from a scholarly
journal paged consecutively throughout a volume,
give the volume number (using digits), a space, and then
the year of publication (four digits) in parentheses. (The
issue number is not necessary, but may be included as described
in the next list item.) [Example]
- If the article is from a scholarly journal paged separately
by issue, give the volume number, followed by a comma,
followed by "no." and the issue number (all using
digits). Then give a space and the year of publication
(four digits) in parentheses. [Example]
- For journals, you may also include a month or season
before the year within parentheses. In such cases,
an issue number is not given. Months are capitalized;
seasons are not. [Example]
- If the article is from a monthly magazine, give
a comma and then write the month (not abbreviated) and year
(four-digits) of publication. [Example]
- If the article is from a newspaper or a weekly magazine,
give a comma and then include the exact date of publication.
Put the date, followed by month (not abbreviated) and year
(four digits), e.g. 28 September 1993. [Example]
||For journals, Colon (:)
For magazines and newspapers, Comma (,)
- Include the page numbers of the article.
- If the article appears on consecutive pages, separate
the first and last page numbers with a hyphen (-).
Do not write "pages," "pp," etc. [Example]
- You only need to give the last two digits, unless more
are necessary, e.g. 205-12 but 295-303.
- If the article appears on nonconsecutive pages, list
all pages and page ranges, separating them by a comma and
a space, e.g. 2, 4-6, 9.
- For magazines and newspapers, it is not necessary
to include the page numbers, although including them will
help the reader locate your source.
- For newspapers, it is often helpful to include
the column number after the page number. If you do
so, precede the page number with "p." and the
column number with "col." to avoid ambiguity.
||If anything in next section,
Otherwise, Period (.)
- If an edition name is
given in the masthead of a newspaper, include it here.
Use lowercase letters, as in "final edition."
Citation Examples (from The Chicago Manual
Benjoseph, John J. "On the Anticipation of New Metaphors," Cuyahoga Review 24 (1988):
Bellworthy, Cartright C. "Reform of Congression Remuneration," Political Review 7, no. 6
(1990): 89, 93-94.
Fernandez, Manuel. "Arbitrating Labor-Management Disputes," North American Labor Relations
12, no. 3 (1989): 28-31.
Bush, Jane R. "Rhetoric and the Instinct for Survival," Political Perspectives 29 (March
Bodonski, Ilya. "Caring among the Forgotten," Journal of Social Activism 14 (fall 1989):
Robertson, Noel. "The Dorian Migration and Corinthian Ritual," Classical Philology 75 (1980):
Glueck, Louise. "The Quiet Poetic Urgency in Richard Ford's 'Empire,'" Aeolian Studies 1
(summer 1989): 41, 43.
Reverberations between Wordplay and Swordplay in Hamlet," Aeolian Studies 2 (fall 1989):
Spencer, Scott. "Childhood's End," Harper's, May 1979, 16-19.
Caspari, E.W. and R. E. Marshak. "The Rise and Fall of Lysenko," Science, 16 July 1965, 276.
Karen, Robert. "Becoming Attached," Atlantic 265, no. 2 (February 1990): 54-55.
Editorial, Philadelphia Inquirer, 30 July 1990.
"Robert Moses, Master Builder, Is Dead at 92," New York Times, 30 July 1981, Midwest
Finnonian, Albert. "The Iron Curtain Rises," Wilberton (Ohio) Journal, 7 February 1990,
Spitzen, Steven. Review of The Limits of Law Enforcement, by Hans Zeisel, American Journal
of Sociology 91 (November 1985): 726-29.
Lardner, Susan. "Third Eye Open," review of The Salt Eaters, by Toni Cade Bambara, New
Yorker, 5 May 1980, 169.
Review of Fool for Love, by Sam Shephard, as performed by the Circle Reperory Company,
New York, New York Times, 27 May 1983, 18.
Kauffmann, Stanley. "Turbulent Lives," review of A Dry White Season (MGM movie), New
Republic, 9 October 1989, 24-25.