Selections from Books
Citing Books in CSE Style
Remember that entries in the reference list are listed alphabetically
by author. Note that there is a separate page for selections
from anthologies and reference books.
There are three sections to this page: a
detailed chart on formatting references, citation
examples, and general reference forms.
The components of a reference
for books, listed in the proper order:
Format author name(s)
as follows: last name, followed by the first and middle
initials. There is no comma following the last name,
and no periods or spaces separate the initials, as in
"Last FM." [Example]
For two to 10 authors, list the authors
as above, separating names by a comma and a space.
If there are more than 10 authors,
list the first ten, followed by "and others."
If the article is anonymous, write
"[Anonymous]" in place of the author.
If the author is an organization,
give the organization's name here. If the organization
has an abbreviation, put the abbreviation in brackets
before its name, e.g. "[CBE] Council of Biology Editors."
If there is no author, but an editor
or editors instead, list the editor(s) here, followed
by ", editor" or ", editors."
If your reference list does not include
any journal authors, you may opt to give the first
name of the authors instead of their initials. In
this case, the last name will be given, followed by a
comma, followed by the first name. Subsequent author
names are separated by semicolons (;). [Example]
- Give the four digit year of publication.
- If there is more than work by the same author in the
reference list, attach "a," "b,"
etc. to the end of the year both in the reference list and
- The title of the book is written in
plain text. Only the first word and proper nouns and
adjectives are capitalized. There are only a
few exceptions. [Example]
- If there is a secondary title or subtitle, it can
be included after the main title. Separate the two
with a colon and space afterward. [Example]
- If the book is written in a foreign language, give
the title in its original language. Follow the title
with a translation within brackets ([ ]).
- If you are citing a volume with
a separate title, write "Volume" followed
by the number here. Follow the number with a comma
and a space and then give the title of the volume as you
would the title of the book. [Example]
- If the book is an edition other
than the first, give the edition here, using digits
and the appropriate suffix, such as "2nd," "3rd,"
etc. Follow with the label "ed." [Example]
- If the book is in the first edition, but later editions
are known to exist, specify that it is the "1st
- If the edition is given using words, abbreviate
it. For example, abbreviate "New revised edition"
as "New rev ed." You may have to check the
CBE style manual for abbreviations.
- If the book has an editor
or editors (not listed in the author position), list
the editor(s) here, using the name format you would use
for an author. Follow the name(s) with ", editor"
or ", editors" as appropriate. [Example]
- If the book is a translation, list the translator
here, using the name format you would use for an author.
Follow the name with ", translator." [Example]
- If the book has both an editor and translator,
list them in the order they appear on the title page, separating
them with a semicolon (;). [Example]
- Give the city of publication
- If more than one city appears on the title page,
give the first city listed.
- If the city is not well known, the state or country
can be given in parentheses after the city name but period
the ending period. Use the postal state
abbreviations (two capital letters, no periods.)
- If the city is foreign, use the English equivalent
of its name.
- If the place cannot be found (after a serious attempt),
write "[place unknown]."
- Give the publisher's name.
Abbreviate it as directed here.
- If the publisher is the same as the organization given
as the author, give the organization's abbreviation
- If the publisher cannot be found, write "[publisher
- If you are citing the entire book,
give the number of pages in the book (using digits, and
counting the index, etc.) followed by "p." [Example]
- If you only referred to selected pages of the book,
write "p " followed by the page numbers here.
- Separate the first and last page numbers with an en-dash
(–) or a hyphen if the en-dash isn't available.
- According to official CBE style, you only need to
give the least number of necessary digits, e.g. 205-7,
205-12, or 295-303. However, the library recommends
that you give the full page numbers for clarity.
"205-207" is much clearer than "205-7"
and doesn't use much more space.
- If the pages are nonconsecutive pages, list
all the page ranges, separating them with a comma and
- If the book is not paginated, you may omit this
- If you are citing a specific chapter
or other named part, give the name of the part here.
If it is numbered or lettered, write "Part" or
"Chapter" followed by the number and a comma before
the name. [Example]
- If the book is a translation,
write "Translation of:" followed by the original
title here. [Example]
- If the book is part of a series, enclose in parentheses
the name of the series, followed by a colon and a space,
followed by the volume number of this book, e.g. "(Series:
2)." Also switch the preceding period to a semicolon
Read the note on punctuation and spacing.
Citation Examples (from
Scientific Style and Format)
[ASTM] ASTM Committee E-8 on Nomenclature and Definitions. 1976. Compilation of
ASTM standard definitions. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: ASTM.
[Anonymous]. 1990. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics: recent findings.
8th ed. New York: Pergamon. 1811 p.
Cajori F. 1929. A history of mathematical notations. Volume 2, Notation mainly
in higher mathematics. Chicago: Open Court.
Council of Biology Editors. 1994. Scientific style and format: the CBE
manual for authors, editors, and publishers. 6th ed. New York: Cambridge
Univ Pr. p 640-6.
Gillman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, editors. 1990. The pharmacological basis
of therapeutics. 8th ed. New York: Pergamon. 1811 p.
Herbel R, Stromberg MW. 1976. Anatomy of the laboratory rat. Baltimore: Williams
& Wilkins. Part C, Digestive system; p 43-54.
[ISO] International Organization for Stardardization. 1979. Statistical methods.
Geneva: ISO; (ISO standards handbooks: 3).
Luzikov VN. Mitochondrial biogenesis and breakdown. 1985. Galkin AV, translator;
Roodyn DB, editor. New York: Consultants Bureau. 362 p. Translation of: Reguliatsiia
Mazria E. 1979. The passive solar energy book: a complete guide to passive solar
home, greenhouse and building design. Emmaus (PA): Rodale. 435 p.
Singleton P, Sainsbury D. 1987. Dictionary of microbiology and molecular biology.
2nd ed. New York: J Wiley. Plasmid; p 682-3.
Voet D, Voet JG. 1990. Biochemistry. New York: J Wiley. 1223 p.
[Book with full name for authors (shouldn't be used in a reference list with initials)]
Voet, Donald; Voet, Judith G. 1990. Biochemistry. New York: J Wiley. 1223 p.
Author/editor. Year. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. #pages.