Introduction

In-Text Citation

Books

Selections from Books

Periodicals

Online Sources

Citing Books in CSE Style

Remember that entries in the reference list are listed alphabetically by author.  Note that there is a separate page for selections from anthologies and reference books.  

There are three sections to this page: a detailed chart on formatting references, citation examples, and general reference forms.

The components of a reference for books, listed in the proper order:  

Component

Formatting Details

    Ending
Punctuation
Author(s) or Editor(s)
  • Format author name(s) as follows: last name, followed by the first and middle initials.  There is no comma following the last name, and no periods or spaces separate the initials, as in "Last FM."  [Example]

  • For two to 10 authors, list the authors as above, separating names by a comma and a space.  [Example]

  • If there are more than 10 authors, list the first ten, followed by "and others."

  • If the article is anonymous, write "[Anonymous]" in place of the author.    [Example]

  • If the author is an organization, give the organization's name here.  If the organization has an abbreviation, put the abbreviation in brackets before its name, e.g. "[CBE] Council of Biology Editors."  [Example]

  • If there is no author, but an editor or editors instead, list the editor(s) here, followed by ", editor" or ", editors."   [Example]

  • If your reference list does not include any journal authors, you may opt to give the first name of the authors instead of their initials.  In this case, the last name will be given, followed by a comma, followed by the first name.  Subsequent author names are separated by semicolons (;).   [Example]

  Period (.)
Date
  • Give the four digit year of publication.   [Example]
  • If there is more than work by the same author in the reference list, attach "a," "b," etc. to the end of the year both in the reference list and the citation.
  Period (.)
Title
  • The title of the book is written in plain text.  Only the first word and proper nouns and adjectives are capitalized.  There are only a few exceptions.   [Example]
  • If there is a secondary title or subtitle, it can be included after the main title.  Separate the two with a colon and space afterward. [Example]  
  • If the book is written in a foreign language, give the title in its original language.  Follow the title with a translation within brackets ([ ]).
  Period (.)
Volume
  • If you are citing a volume with a separate title, write "Volume" followed by the number here.  Follow the number with a comma and a space and then give the title of the volume as you would the title of the book. [Example]    
  Period (.)
Edition
  • If the book is an edition other than the first, give the edition here, using digits and the appropriate suffix, such as "2nd," "3rd," etc. Follow with the label "ed."  [Example]
  • If the book is in the first edition, but later editions are known to exist, specify that it is the "1st ed."
  • If the edition is given using words, abbreviate it.  For example, abbreviate "New revised edition" as "New rev ed."  You may have to check the CBE style manual for abbreviations.
  Period (.)
Editor or Translator
  • If the book has an editor or editors (not listed in the author position), list the editor(s) here, using the name format you would use for an author.  Follow the name(s) with ", editor" or ", editors" as appropriate. [Example]   
  • If the book is a translation, list the translator here, using the name format you would use for an author.  Follow the name with ", translator."  [Example]
  • If the book has both an editor and translator, list them in the order they appear on the title page, separating them with a semicolon (;).  [Example]
 

Period (.)

Publication Place
  • Give the city of publication here. [Example]
  • If more than one city appears on the title page, give the first city listed.
  • If the city is not well known, the state or country can be given in parentheses after the city name but period the ending period.  Use the postal state abbreviations (two capital letters, no periods.)  [Example]
  • If the city is foreign, use the English equivalent of its name.
  • If the place cannot be found (after a serious attempt), write "[place unknown]."
  Colon (:)
Publisher
  • Give the publisher's name.  Abbreviate it as directed here. [Example]
  • If the publisher is the same as the organization given as the author, give the organization's abbreviation here.  [Example]
  • If the publisher cannot be found, write "[publisher unknown]."
 

Period (.)

Pages
  • If you are citing the entire book, give the number of pages in the book (using digits, and counting the index, etc.) followed by "p." [Example]
  • If you only referred to selected pages of the book,  write "p " followed by the page numbers here. [Example]
    • Separate the first and last page numbers with an en-dash () or a hyphen if the en-dash isn't available. 
    • According to official CBE style, you only need to give the least number of necessary digits, e.g. 205-7, 205-12, or 295-303. However, the library recommends that you give the full page numbers for clarity.  "205-207" is much clearer than "205-7" and doesn't use much more space.  
    • If the pages are nonconsecutive pages, list all the page ranges, separating them with a comma and a space. 
  • If the book is not paginated, you may omit this part. [Example]
  Period (.)
Named Part
  • If you are citing a specific chapter or other named part, give the name of the part here. If it is numbered or lettered, write "Part" or "Chapter" followed by the number and a comma before the name. [Example]  [Example]
  Semicolon (;)
Translation or Series
  • If the book is a translation, write "Translation of:" followed by the original title here. [Example]
  • If the book is part of a series, enclose in parentheses the name of the series, followed by a colon and a space, followed by the volume number of this book, e.g. "(Series: 2)." Also switch the preceding period to a semicolon (;). [Example]
  Period (.)

Read the note on punctuation and spacing.


Citation Examples (from Scientific Style and Format)

[ASTM] ASTM Committee E-8 on Nomenclature and Definitions. 1976. Compilation of 
ASTM standard definitions. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: ASTM.
[Anonymous]. 1990. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics: recent findings. 
8th ed. New York: Pergamon. 1811 p.
Cajori F. 1929. A history of mathematical notations. Volume 2, Notation mainly
in higher mathematics. Chicago: Open Court. 
Council of Biology Editors. 1994. Scientific style and format: the CBE
manual for authors, editors, and publishers. 6th ed. New York: Cambridge
Univ Pr.  p 640-6.
Gillman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, editors. 1990. The pharmacological basis
of therapeutics. 8th ed. New York: Pergamon. 1811 p.
Herbel R, Stromberg MW. 1976. Anatomy of the laboratory rat. Baltimore: Williams 
& Wilkins. Part C, Digestive system; p 43-54. 
[ISO] International Organization for Stardardization. 1979. Statistical methods. 
Geneva: ISO; (ISO standards handbooks: 3).
Luzikov VN. Mitochondrial biogenesis and breakdown. 1985. Galkin AV, translator;
Roodyn DB, editor. New York: Consultants Bureau. 362 p. Translation of: Reguliatsiia
formirovaniia mitokhodrii.  
Mazria E. 1979. The passive solar energy book: a complete guide to passive solar
home, greenhouse and building design. Emmaus (PA): Rodale. 435 p.
Singleton P, Sainsbury D. 1987. Dictionary of microbiology and molecular biology.
2nd ed. New York: J Wiley. Plasmid; p 682-3.
Voet D, Voet JG. 1990. Biochemistry. New York: J Wiley. 1223 p. 
 
[Book with full name for authors (shouldn't be used in a reference list with initials)]
Voet, Donald; Voet, Judith G. 1990. Biochemistry. New York: J Wiley. 1223 p. 

General Forms

Book

Author/editor. Year. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. #pages.

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Created: 06/27/2000
Last Modified: 09/25/2002